Termites and Termite Damage

There are about 2,000 known species of termites throughout the world. In the U.S., Subterranean termites, including Eastern, Western, Desert and Formosans, which build underground nests, are a concern in every state except Alaska. Subterranean termites can be extremely destructive. They can tunnel to wooden structures (like your home), into which they burrow to obtain food. Termites all share a virtually insatiable appetite for wood and other cellulose-containing materials. Given enough time, they can cause extensive damage and will feed on the wood until nothing is left but a shell.

Termites are highly social insects that live in colonies where populations can reach more than one million. A colony consists of several structurally differentiated forms living together as castes (including reproductives, soldiers, and workers) with different functions in the colony community life.

Subterranean and Drywood Termites

Formosan Subterranean termites are one of several termite species that threaten homes and other structures in Hawaii and the southern half of the continental United States.

The Western Subterranean termite is a problem for homeowners in the western part of North America from British Columbia in Canada south to western Mexico and east as far as Idaho and Nevada.

Desert Subterranean termites are commonly distributed throughout the lower deserts of northwestern Mexico, southern California and southern Arizona.

The Eastern Subterranean termite is a problem for homeowners from southern Ontario in Canada, south throughout the Eastern United States and as far west as Montana.

Drywood termites threaten homes in southern California, Arizona, Utah, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, New Mexico, Texas, Puerto Rico and Hawaii.